Senin, 22 Oktober 2012

EXPLANATION ( 1 )


THE CACAO TREE
Have you ever wondered how people get
chocolate from? In this article we'll enter the amazing
world of chocolate so you can understand exactly what
you're eating.
Chocolate starts with a tree called the cacao tree.
This tree grows in equatorial regions, especially in
places such as South America, Africa, and Indonesia.
The cacao tree produces a fruit about the size of a small
pine apple. Inside the fruit are the tree's seeds, also
known as cocoa beans.
The beans are fermented for about a week, dried
in the sun and then shipped to the chocolate maker. The
chocolate maker starts by roasting the beans to bring
out the flavor. Different beans from different places
have different qualities and flavor, so they are often
sorted and blended to produce a distinctive mix. Next,
the roasted beans are winnowed. Winnowing removes
the meat nib of the cacao bean from its shell. Then, the
nibs are blended. The blended nibs are ground to make
it a liquid. The liquid is called chocolate liquor. It
tastes bitter. All seeds contain some amount of fat, and
cacao beans are not different. However, cacao beans
are half fat, which is why the ground nibs form liquid.
It's pure bitter chocolate.
1.The text is about ...
A. the cacao tree
B. the cacao beans
C. the raw chocolate
D. the making of chocolate
E. the flavor of chocolate
2.The third paragraph focuses on ...
A. the process of producing chocolate
B. how to produce the cocoa flavor
C. where chocolate comes from
D. the chocolate liquor
E. the cacao fruit
3." ..., so they are often sorted and blended to produce ..."
(Paragraph 3)
The underlined word is close in meaning to ...
A. arranged
B. combined
C. separated
D. distributed
E. organized
4.How does the chocolate maker start to make chocolate?
A. By fermenting the beans.
B. By roasting the beans,
C. By blending the beans.
D. By sorting the beans.
E. By drying the beans
Text 9.
This text is for questions 40 to 43

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